December 04, 2018 6 min read

Every cat owner knows that sooner or later they face the necessity to vaccinate their cat from various diseases. But many pet owners don’t want to do that, because they consider the vaccination to be a complete harm for their cats. Moreover, even some veterinarians cannot decide whether vaccination is useful or whether it can do harm to the animals. That’s why the owner should be very attentive when deciding upon whether to vaccinnate.

Do Cats Need Vaccination?

In general, the answer to this question is simple and definite – yes! Like people, cats can suffer from different diseases, which can be prevented by vaccination only. It touches upon both usual types of diseases like cold or infections and specific cat diseases, which in most cases are caused by viruses and bacteria. The latter are of particular danger, as cats are rarely kept in proper hygienic and zoological conditions. Their immunity can also be suppressed. The immune system of an animal suffers from:

  • permanent stress,
  • negative ecological situation,
  • permanent overheat or undercooling,
  • over fatigue,
  • wrong feeding and nutrition of poor quality. 

A weakened cat can be easily affected by viruses through the organs of the digestive system and the respiratory track. If you would like to prevent the infection, then vaccination is essential for cats!

The vaccination of cats can protect not only the animals, which are in contact with stray cats and can catch infection from them, but also those cats which live in proper conditions in houses.

Unfortunately, a cat can catch a disease even from its owner, as some dangerous viruses can be brought home on the owners’ clothing or footwear. For sure, a cat can get immune resistance after a disease, but is it worth fortifying the immune system of your cat at that price? Besides, non-vaccinated cats suffer from more severe diseases. And such diseases can lead to a fatal outcome even in simple cases. So it is better to spend some time and efforts and vaccinate the cat in order not to have problems with your pet in future.

Cat Vaccination: What you Need to Know

Until 10-12 weeks, kittens don’t need vaccination, as they get all the necessary defensive elements from their mother’s milk. Milk contains all the essential antibodies protecting a kitten against diseases. But when a kitten grows, these elements will become deficient and it becomes necessary to vaccinate the cats. In every vaccine there is a small dose of weakened disease-producing factors. During vaccination, the vaccine is brought to the cat’s body and forces it to fight against the infection. As soon as the fight is over, a kitten will gain immunity to the disease.

Which of the vaccines are necessary for cats? Above the others are vaccines against the most dangerous diseases caused by viruses like feline calicivirus, infectious rhinotracheitis, and panleukopenia. These diseases are the most dangerous for kittens, cats up to the age of three and old and hyposthenic animals. Such diseases cannot be passed to people.

The next step is vaccination against rabies, which is also a virus disease and can be passed to people. A vaccination against rabies is essential for cats because it helps to protect the animal against a serious disease which leads to death. The vaccination also protects the owners.

Next follows vaccination against impetigo. It helps to protect your cat’s organism not only from skin disease, but also from all of its derivatives caused by fungus. Fungus can seldom be passed from cats to people. But children can easily catch this disease, as a cat, even after recovery, preserves it in its hair for 2-5 years after the illness. Moreover, a cat can catch this disease even from its owner, as the owner can bring fungi in on clothing and footwear. And as a result, even a domestic indoor cat can get sick. You should also bear in mind that such vaccinations are to be done annually, as each vaccine protects an animal for the period of only one year.

Which Vaccinations Can be Done to Cats?

 Before deciding whether to vaccinate your cat or not, you should find out what vaccine the veterinarian is going to use. All in all, there are two types of vaccines:

  • monovalent vaccines – they help to protect against one disease,
  • multivalent vaccines – they are used as preventive measures from several diseases (for example, vaccine against different infectious disease plus against rabies).

The most frequently used vaccines are Nobivac TRICAT (a vaccine of Dutch origin, which protects against feline calicivirus, panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis), and Nobivac R. (protects from the same diseases as Nobivac TRICAT and also against rabies). These two types of vaccines can be combined together. Besides, there are several other popular vaccines: Quadricat and Leocorifelina (France), and also Fort-Dodge Laboratori (USA) and и Multifel (Russia). But it should be noted that after the usage of the Russian vaccine, a cat can have atrabiliary and feel weak. Such conditions can last for four days. However, all that doesn’t touch upon vaccines against impetigo. For protection against this disease the appropriate vaccines, which are made in Russia, include Microderm, Polivac TM or Vacderm.

In all other countries cats are also vaccinated against leukemia and chlamydiosis.

When Should Cats be Vaccinated?

Even though you know for sure that your pet will never leave the house, and you are going to provide all the necessary conditions for it, it is better not to scrimp on vaccines. If your cat catches a virus, the treatment will cost you more than the vaccination. That is why it is better to vaccinate your cat against some widespread diseases.

First, the vaccines against feline calicivirus, panleukopenia and infectious rhinotracheitis are made for kittens at the age of 9 weeks plus. It doesn’t depend on the breed and living conditions of the cat. For older animals, especially for those which leave the house, vaccinations against rabies and impetigo are essential. The latter is vital if a cat has contacts with dogs.

The vaccination against rabies is also important if you are going to take your cat abroad. It also should be mentioned that an animal gets immunity only 2-4 weeks after the vaccination. That is why it is better to vaccinate your pet in advance. In particular, according to the requirements, a vaccination should be done not later than a month before your tip, but not earlier than twelve months.

The vaccination against rabies is also important if you are going to take your cat abroad. It also should be mentioned that an animal gets immunity only 2-4 weeks after the vaccination. That is why it is better to vaccinate your pet in advance. In particular, according to the requirements, a vaccination should be done not later than a month before your tip, but not earlier than twelve months.

 How to Prepare a Cat for Vaccination

Injections are not so painful for cats as they are for people. But that fact doesn’t mean that the cat will bear the procedure calmly. Injections are always a very serious stress for animals, and you need to protect your pet from such negative emotional experiences. Otherwise, the cat can be cut up after the vaccination as sometimes the vaccination causes complications. That is why it is very important to follow the rules. You need to check:

  • the plan of vaccination and the expiry date of the vaccines,
  • the quality of the vaccines,
  • your pet’s health condition. If your cat is infected with helminth or fleas, you must get it cured before the vaccination. Otherwise, the effect would be lower. The preventive measures against helminth should be carried out 5-6 days before the vaccination,

Your cat can’t be vaccinated in cases when:

  • it is pregnant. It is better to vaccinate your cat a month before the copulation.
  • your cat is nursing,
  • after surgical operations and during the recovery period,
  • after antibiotic treatment. The vaccination is allowed only two weeks after the last dose of antibiotics,
  • cats which had contact with ill animals (even though you doubt whether that animal was ill). If your cat is in an incubation period, the vaccination may be dangerous for its health and life.

Also, it is better not to vaccinate the cat if it is stressed (during moving to a new house or trip). The vaccination should be done a week after the traumatic event. And of course, after the vaccination surgical operations can be done only after three weeks (for example, sterilization).      

Remember that the vaccinations are preventative measures against disease, but not a treatment. That is why the vaccination should be done only by veterinarians. The specialist takes into account all the individual characteristics of your pet and does no harm with the wrong vaccination plan. Only a veterinarian can protect your pets’ health from any diseases. While choosing a veterinarian center, you should remember that the center must have a solid reputation. Only highly qualified specialists will vaccinate your pet in a proper way.

Kawaii Meow
Lover of Japanese culture, cats, and self-help hacks. The biggest cat online store.

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